Intel’s is a general purpose Keyboard Display controller that simultaneously drives the display of a system and interfaces a Keyboard with the CPU. The Keyboard Display interface scans the Keyboard to identify if any key has been In the Polled mode, the CPU periodically reads an internal flag of to . KEYBOARD/DISPLAY CONTROLLER – INTEL Features of The important features of are, Simultaneous keyboard and display operations.
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Right or left entry 1 6-byte display RAM. Output that blanks the displays. Used internally for timing.
Max is 3 MHz. Chip select that enables programming, reading the keyboard, etc. Consists of bi-directional pins that connect to data bus on micro. Interrupt coontroller, becomes 1 when a key is pressed, data is available. Return lines are inputs used to sense key depression in the keyboard matrix. Shift connects to Shift contropler on keyboard.
Scan line outputs scan both the keyboard and displays. It has two additional input: The keys are automatically debounced. The two operating modes of keyboard section are 2-key lockout and N-key rollover.
In the 2-key lockout mode, if two keys are pressed simultaneously, only the first key is recognized. The FIFO can store eight key codes in the scan keyboard mode. The status of the shift key controlller control key are also stored along with key code.
The generate an interrupt signal when there is an entry in FIFO. The output lines can be used either as a single group of eight lines or as two groups of four lines, in conjunction with the scan lines for a multiplexed display.
The output lines are connected to the anodes through driver transistor in case of common cathode 7-segment LEDs. The cathodes are connected to scan lines through driver transistors. The display can be blanked by BD low line.
The display section consists of 16 x 8 display RAM. In decoded scan mode, the output of scan lines will be similar to a 2-to-4 decoder. In encoded scan mode, the output of scan lines will be binary count, and so an external decoder should be used to convert the binary count to decoded output.
The scan lines are common for keyboard and display.
It has an interrupt request line IRQ, for interrupt driven data transfer with processor. The require an internal clock frequency of kHz. This can be obtained by dividing the input clock by an internal prescaler.
DD sets displays mode. MMM sets keyboard mode. DD field selects either: SL outputs are active-high, follow binary bit pattern or depending on 8 or 16 digit display. SL outputs are active-low only one of the four outputs will be controllwr at any time. Z selects auto-increment so subsequent writes go to confroller display positions.
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Microprocessor – Programmable Keyboard