Under the Hasmonean dynasty, which lasted about 80 years, the kingdom regained boundaries not far short of Solomon’s realm, political consolidation under. What was the Hasmonean dynasty? Answer: Hasmonean was the family name of the rebel leader and priest, Mattathias, who began to throw off Seleucid rule. The early Hasmonean rulers were righteous people who were careful not to assume the title of monarch. However, it is an old adage that power corrupts, and .

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Aretas was ordered to withdraw his army from Judea, and while retreating suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of Aristobulus. Hyrcanus’ restoration as ethnarch in 47 BCE coincided with Caesar’s appointment of Antipater as the first Roman Procuratorallowing Antipater to promote the interests of hasmojean own house: He may have been incensed at the overthrow of his appointee, Menelaus, [24] he may have been responding to a Jewish revolt that had drawn on the Temple and the Torah for its strength, or he may have been encouraged by a group of radical Hellenizers among the Jews.

Honi, ordered to curse the besieged, prayed: Possession of Jewish scriptures djnasty made a capital offence.

Alexander Balas offered Jonathan even more favourable terms, including official appointment as High Priest in Jerusalem, and despite a second letter from Demetrius promising prerogatives that were almost impossible to dynsaty, [45] Jonathan declared allegiance to Balas.

The author of the First Book of Maccabees regarded the Maccabean revolt as a rising of pious Jews against the Seleucid king who had tried to eradicate their religion and against the Jews who supported him.


Hasmonean Dynasty

This began the Hasmonean Maccabean dynasty, which appropriated the powers both of king hasmlnean of high priest. Judaism and the Gentile Faiths: Between the weakness of Hyrcanus and the ambition of Aristobulus, Judea lost its independence.

Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes. The Hellenization of the Jews in the pre-Hasmonean period was not universally resisted.

Herod received him with every mark of respect, assigning him the first place at his table and the presidency of the state council, while awaiting an opportunity to get rid of him. Judaea had to pay tribute to Rome and was placed under the supervision of the Roman governor of Syria:. Washington State University, Ptolemy himself, however, was among the casualties of the battle. The people of Azotus complained to King Ptolemy VI, who had come to make war upon his son-in-law, but Jonathan met Ptolemy at Jaffa in peace and accompanied him as far as haxmonean River Eleutherus.

Schultz, modern dynastg, “considers the Maccabean revolt less as an uprising against foreign oppression than as a civil war between the orthodox and reformist parties in the Jewish camp. Weights, Measures, and Dymasty. Pompey defeated him multiple times however and captured his cities.

Who were the Hasmoneans?

Talmud and Middle Persian Culture. Timeline for the History of Judaism. Jonathan was invited to Ptolemais for the ceremony, appearing with presents for both kings, and was permitted to sit between them as their equal; Balas even clothed him with his own royal garment and otherwise accorded him high honor.

He renewed the treaty with the Roman Republic and exchanged friendly messages with Sparta and other places. He remained governor as a Seleucid vassal.

Hasmonean dynasty

Even then, Herod tried to bolster the legitimacy of his reign by marrying a Hasmonean princess, Mariamneand planning to drown the last male Hasmonean heir at his Jericho palace. The Hasmoneans lost the territories acquired in Transjordan during the 93 BC Battle of Gadarawhere the Nabataeans ambushed Jannaeus and his forces in a hilly area. Leonard Press, The books are considered part of the Biblical canon by the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches and apocryphal by most Protestants, but are not a part of the Hebrew Bible.


Demetrius was forced to recall the garrisons of Judea, except those in the City of Acre and at Beth-zur, to bolster his strength. Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. Aristobulus was the first Hasmonean to take the title basileusasserting the new-found independence of the state.

Hasmonean dynasty – Wikipedia

The motives of Antiochus are unclear. Antiochus IV died that same year, and vynasty ultimately succeeded by Demetrius I Soterthe nephew whose throne he had usurped. Laws Affecting Jews CE.

Jewish history Hebrew calendar Archaeology Museums. The Parthian army crossed the Euphrates and Labienus was able to entice Mark Antony’s Roman dnasty around Syria to rally to his cause. It was in Antioch that the Jews first made the acquaintance of Hellenism and of the more hxsmonean sides of Greek culture; and it was from Antioch that Judea henceforth was ruled. A Seleucid army under General Nicanor was defeated by Judah ib.

Jonathan and Simon were now entitled to make conquests; Ashkelon submitted voluntarily while Gaza was forcibly taken.