King Gesar is a heroic epic created by the Tibetans from a collection of ancient legends, myths, verses, proverbs and various other folk cultures. This page is about the plots of King Gesar, a famous Tibetan epic, including birth of Gesar, how did Gesar become the King of Tibet and what. The first and only English translation of the centuries-old Tibetan spiritual allegory of King Gesar, a tale on a par with The Arabian Nights or the King Arthur .
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After further polishing by the oral poets, especially the ballad singers, Gesar became a kking epic” Retrieved 13 June The first part of the Mongolian epic of Geser Khan.
When the child is twelve, a horse race is held to determine who will become the King of Ling and marry the beautiful daughter, Brug mo, of a neighboring chieftain. From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia. He is known by various names in different versions, sometimes thos pa dga,’ sometimes bu tog dkar po, but perhaps the most universally used is don grub.
It began with a beautiful girl, Qomu, who was King Gesar’s queen. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. King Gesar of the Ling Kingdom.
However, the epic narrative was certainly in something similar to its present form by the 15th century at the latest as shown by the mentions in the rLangs-kyi Po-ti bSe-ru by Byang chub rgyal mtshan.
Though the epic was sung all over Tibetan-speaking regions, with Kham and Amdo long regarded as the centres for its diffusion, traditions do connect Gesar with the former Kingdom of Ling Standard Tibetan: Distinctive features of these versions of the Gesar epic has led some scholars to the view that the Buryat and Mongolian versions are not directly dependent on a Tibetan original. Jiangbian pointed out that the foundation for the origin of epic is ethnic folk culture.
As a small child, he listened to his grandfather sing portions of the Epic of King Gesar. With various celestial companions, he is then born, after singing to his mother from the womb and asking the way out, as the son of Gog bza fpic some versions, a beautiful naga princess captured from a neighboring tribe, and in other versions, an old woman and Seng blon, one of the respected elders of the Kingdom of Ling.
Often Buddhist motifs are conspicuous, with episodes on the epci of the world and Tibet’s cosmic origins.
When Gesar reaches his eighties, he briefly descends to Hell as a last episode before he leaves the land of men and ascends once more to his celestial paradise. Because of his youth Gesar is unable to defeat Gal Dulme by himself, and the deed is performed with assistance from his elder brother. This translation is besar on manuscripts collected by Hermanns in Amdo. Khro-thung fulfils ,ing comic role in the epic, but his role as provocateur is absolutely central.
This remains the most in-depth study of the Tibetan Gesar tradition. Or, he is conceived by his mother drinking water impressed with his image. There are versions that adopt Gesar as a Lama showing him as a tamer of the wild, but, in so far as his epic retains his old lineaments as a maverick master of shamanic powershe represents the stateless, anarchic dimension of Tibet’s margins, and is rather a tamer of corrupt monastic clerics and, thus, it is not coincidental that the epic flourished on the outlying regions of Kham and Amdo.
An historical kingdom of Lingtsang Tibetan: Throughout his human life, Gesar labored to abolish the scourges that plagued the lives of the common people.
Retrieved 16 July The epic also expresses the theme of the people’s wish for justice and bliss. Sincethe institute has collected more than different song and narration versions of the epic, 55 woodblock and mimeographed editions fo has recorded 70 performances of the epic on more than 3, recording tapes.
Tales of King Gesar are also popular in Mongoliathe Tu and Yugu regions, and the Tibetan-inhabited areas kking China, and have traveled as far west as the Caspian Seareaching Europe with the Kalmyk people, who also profess Tibetan Buddhism as their religion. His first major campaign as king is against the man-eating demon of the north, Klu bTsan.
Epic of King Gesar – New World Encyclopedia
They conclude that the stories of the Gesar cycle were well known in the territory of the Uyghur Khaganate. The Buryat egsar contains 9 branches or song episodes uligereach devoted to tell how Gesar defeats an enemy. King Gesar teaching the people of Ling . To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. In other variants The Buddha is never mentioned, or a certain secular irony is voiced against the national religion. Presses Universitaires de France.
Epic of King Gesar
King Ge-sar has a miraculous birth, a despised and neglected childhood, and then becomes ruler and wins his first wife ‘Brug-mo through a series of marvellous feats. We would also appreciate your feedback on Chinese Geszr Encyclopedia. This is followed by a brief traditional account of how Tibet was converted from barbarity epid Buddhism under the three great Dharma Rajas Tibetan: In subsequent episodes he defends his people against various external aggressors, human and superhuman.
To deliver the people from their troubles, the merciful Avalokitesvara or Bodhisattva of Compassion, asked the Amitabha, the master of eppic western Pure Land, to dispatch a son of a heavenly deity, Toiba Gawa, who later came to be known as Gesar, to descend to the world and help the people.
Stein, earlier than the written versions, but rather depend on them. Email me about your travel idea https: Gesar wages war against King Sa-dam of ‘ Jang sometimes located in Yunnanand king Shing khri of Mon sometimes located in the southern Himalayan region. While in most episodes, Gesar fights against the enemies of Dharmaan old warrior ethos, where physical Powercouragea combative spirit and things like cunning and deceitprevail.
Although there is no one definitive text, the Chinese compilation so far of just its Tibetan versions has filled some volumes, more than one million verses, divided into 29 “chapters”.
Religions of Tibet in Practice. One of the best-known modern Gesar performers was Sangzhub, born to a family of farmer in northern Tibet in The Growth of Literature. Some think the medium for this transmission may have been via Mongolian Kesar. He recorded 2, hours of singing, the equivalent of 41 volumes.
The hero-child, who in many versions is known as Joru during his youth, returns to ,ing, wins the race, marries Brug mo, and ascends the golden throne, assuming the title “Gesar.