Current Issues in Criminal Justice, Vol. Asylum, age disputes and the process of age assessment PDF. The sex of each participant can also influence perceptions of an individual's guilt and therefore enforcement. In France, under the Napoleonic Codethe age of consent was set in at eleven,  and was raised to thirteen in Archived from the original PDF on 4 March These include Canada in —from 14 to 16 ; and in Europe, Iceland in —from 14 to 15Lithuania in —from 14 to 16Croatia in —from 14 to 15and Spain in —from 13 to The laws may also vary by the type of sexual act, the gender of the participants or other considerations, such as involving a position of trust ; some jurisdictions may also make allowances for minors engaged in sexual acts with each other, rather than a single age.
These efforts advocate five main positions:.
Do teenagers have a human right to consensual sexual activity?
Loading comments… Trouble loading? Children Child protection Youth justice Crime Human rights comment. In the United States, as late as the s most states set the minimum age at ten to twelve in Delaware, it was seven in The enforcement practices of age-of-consent laws vary depending on the social sensibilities of the particular culture see above. The threshold age for engaging in sexual activity varies between jurisdictions see above. University of North Carolina Press. In FrancePortugal, Denmark, the Swiss cantons and other countries, the minimum age was raised to between thirteen and sixteen years in the following decades.